Locations: 1000 4th Ave Seattle, WA 98104
Size: 362,987 sq. ft
Cost: $165.5 million
Official Opening Date: May 2004
Taking up a whole city block in the heart of downtown Seattle, Koolhaas’ stacked and staggered eleven-story glass and steel building makes for a striking and unique statement against the urban streetscape. Housing 1.4 million volumes of books, the Seattle Public Library has not only become a destination for bibliophiles, but its architecture has turned the library into a landmark destination as well.
From the outside, you see a series of five stacked and staggered boxes, sliced and manipulated to create irregularly shaped overhangs and indentations. The building exterior consists of a “continuous fabric of steel with inset four-by-seven-foot diamond-shaped windows that is actually a second structure, providing additional bracing against earthquakes and wind. The glass, itself, has a mesh interlayer that lets in light while controlling glare and heat.”
The library’s interior was also designed with a funky, experimental twist, from the bright colors used to the materials selected. Bright neon chartreuse elevators carry visitors up from the living room to the mixing chamber; floral carpets line reading rooms; and the curving, blood-red hallways of the public meeting room floor.
The most unique element of the building’s interior architecture is the spiral book stack, a continuous four-story ramp that increases accessibility and makes book browsing a much more fluid and easy process.
Exploring the library is an experience in itself and with it’s large blocky letters, it actually brought IKEA to mind. There were quite a few people making the library rounds, checking out the unique architecture.